عنوان مقاله [English]
Since the nationalization of petroleum industry and recognition of the states’ sovereign right over their reserves and underground resources, the “local content strategy” has become one of the main commitments of the international oil companies in the upstream oil and gas contracts. The rationale behind including such clause is to create jobs, promote enterprise development and to facilitate transfer of new skills and technologies to the host country. According to this provision, foreign investors are obligated to give priority to domestic goods and services as well as native workforce while conducting petroleum operations. Local Content requirement has become a customary rule in the industry and is implemented in different ways. While some of them are mandatory, others are voluntary. This provision increases the operators’ motivations by means of fiscal incentives or tax reduction. Local content regimes entail risks and opportunities for both host government and oil and gas companies. The requirement yields benefit for host governments as well as foreign investors through providing easy access to affordable manpower and services. However, the economic and social impacts associated with such requirement are not always positive for all parties of the contracts, and in some cases serious challenges may arise in host countries and for companies. For example, operators and international contractors may face unrealistic expectations or targets from host governments or local communities seeking quick results. So before proceeding to implementation phase, any potential challenge should be analyzed and appropriate solutions should be found in advance.