نگاهی به زوایای حقوق بین‌الملل کیفری دربارۀ آلودگی نفتی ناشی از کشتی

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه حقوق عمومی دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین‌الملل دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال

چکیده

آلودگی­های نفتی معمولاً یا ناشی از سوانح دریایی است که برای نفت­کش­ها اتفاق می­افتد و یا به سکوها و تأسیسات نفتی بازمی­گردد. نظام حقوق بین­المللی حاکم بر آلودگی نفتی ناشی از کشتی­ها، بر مبنای معاهدات مربوط به پیشگیری، مداخله و جبران خسارت شکل گرفته است. اما همواره این پرسش مطرح است که آیا در کنار ملاحظات حقوقی، اتخاذ تدابیر کیفری نیز می­تواند اثربخش باشد؟ در این مقاله، امکان و ضرورت جرم­انگاری و در نظر گرفتن مسئولیت کیفری برای اشخاص حقیقی و حقوقی شاغل در صنعت حمل­ونقل دریایی و نیز محدودیت­های حاکم بر آن، با روش توصیفی- تحلیلی، بررسی شده است.

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